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Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His Protein, CF

Bio-Techne includes R&D Systems | Catalog # 11110-CV

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11110-CV-100

Key Product Details

Source

HEK293

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived sars-cov-2 Spike protein
SARS-CoV-2 Spike
(Val16-Lys1211)
Accession # YP_009724390.1
GCN4-IZ 6-His tag
N-terminus C-terminus

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Val16 & Ser686

Predicted Molecular Mass

75 kDa & 63 kDa

SDS-PAGE

78-97 kDa & 146-176 kDa, under reducing conditions.

Activity

Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA with Recombinant Human Neuropilin-1 Fc Chimera  (Catalog # 10455-N1).

Scientific Data Images for Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His Protein, CF

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein Binding Activity.

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein (Catalog # 11110-CV) binds Recombinant Human Neuropilin-1 Fc Chimera (10455-N1) in a functional ELISA.

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein SDS-PAGE.

2 μg/lane of Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein (Catalog # 11110-CV) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 78-97 kDa & 146-176 kDa, under reducing conditions.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

11110-CV
Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Background: Spike

SARS-CoV-2, which causes the global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), belongs to a family of viruses known as coronaviruses that are commonly comprised of four structural proteins: Spike protein (S), Envelope protein (E), Membrane protein (M), and Nucleocapsid protein (N) (1). SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein (S Protein) is a glycoprotein that mediates membrane fusion and viral entry. The S protein is homotrimeric, with each ~180-kDa monomer consisting of two subunits, S1 and S2 (2). In SARS-CoV-2, as with most coronaviruses, proteolytic cleavage of the S protein into the S1 and S2 subunits is required for activation. The S1 subunit is focused on attachment of the protein to the host receptor while the S2 subunit is involved with cell fusion (3-5). The S protein of SARS-CoV-2 shares 75% and 29% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with the S protein of SARS-CoV-1 and MERS, respectively. The S Protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, like the SARS-CoV-1 counterpart, binds Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2), but with much higher affinity and faster binding kinetics through the receptor binding domain (RBD) located in the C-terminal region of S1 (6). Based on structural biology studies, the RBD can be oriented either in the up/standing or down/lying state with the up/standing state associated with higher pathogenicity (7). Polyclonal antibodies to the RBD of the SARS-CoV-2 protein have been shown to inhibit interaction with the ACE2 receptor, confirming RBD as an attractive target for vaccinations or antiviral therapy (8). It has been demonstrated that the S Protein can invade host cells through the CD147/EMMPRIN receptor and mediate membrane fusion (9, 10). 

References

  1. Wu, F. et al. (2020) Nature 579:265.
  2. Tortorici, M.A. and D. Veesler (2019). Adv. Virus Res. 105:93.
  3. Bosch, B.J. et al. (2003). J. Virol. 77:8801.
  4. Belouzard, S. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106:5871.
  5. Millet, J.K. and G.R. Whittaker (2015) Virus Res. 202:120.
  6. Ortega, J.T. et al. (2020) EXCLI J. 19:410.
  7. Yuan, Y. et al. (2017) Nat. Commun. 8:15092.
  8. Tai, W. et al. (2020) Cell. Mol. Immunol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.it.2020.03.007.
  9. Wang, X. et al. (2020) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41423-020-0424-9.
  10. Wang, K. et al. (2020) bioRxiv https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.14.988345v1.

Long Name

Spike Protein

Alternate Names

S Protein

Entrez Gene IDs

918758 (HCoV-229E); 2943499 (HCoV-NL63); 39105218 (HCoV-OC43); 37616432 (MERS-CoV); 1489668 (SARS-CoV); 43740568 (SARS-CoV-2)

Gene Symbol

S

UniProt

Additional Spike Products

Product Documents for Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His Protein, CF

For research use only

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