>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
N-terminal sequence Analysis
Val16 & Ser686
Predicted Molecular Mass
75 kDa & 63 kDa
78-97 kDa & 146-176 kDa, under reducing conditions.
Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA with Recombinant Human Neuropilin-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 10455-N1).
Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His Protein, CF Scientific Data Examples
Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein Binding Activity.
Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein (Catalog # 11110-CV) binds Recombinant Human Neuropilin-1 Fc Chimera (10455-N1) in a functional ELISA.
Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein SDS-PAGE.
2 μg/lane of Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike WT (GCN4-IZ) His-tag Protein (Catalog # 11110-CV) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 78-97 kDa & 146-176 kDa, under reducing conditions.
Formulation, Preparation and Storage
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our
Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant
protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration.
The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or
as an ELISA standard.
In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA
Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage:
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
SARS-CoV-2, which causes the global pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), belongs to a family of viruses known as coronaviruses that are commonly comprised of four structural proteins: Spike protein (S), Envelope protein (E), Membrane protein (M), and Nucleocapsid protein (N) (1). SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein (S Protein) is a glycoprotein that mediates membrane fusion and viral entry. The S protein is homotrimeric, with each ~180-kDa monomer consisting of two subunits, S1 and S2 (2). In SARS-CoV-2, as with most coronaviruses, proteolytic cleavage of the S protein into the S1 and S2 subunits is required for activation. The S1 subunit is focused on attachment of the protein to the host receptor while the S2 subunit is involved with cell fusion (3-5). The S protein of SARS-CoV-2 shares 75% and 29% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with the S protein of SARS-CoV-1 and MERS, respectively. The S Protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, like the SARS-CoV-1 counterpart, binds Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2), but with much higher affinity and faster binding kinetics through the receptor binding domain (RBD) located in the C-terminal region of S1 (6). Based on structural biology studies, the RBD can be oriented either in the up/standing or down/lying state with the up/standing state associated with higher pathogenicity (7). Polyclonal antibodies to the RBD of the SARS-CoV-2 protein have been shown to inhibit interaction with the ACE2 receptor, confirming RBD as an attractive target for vaccinations or antiviral therapy (8). It has been demonstrated that the S Protein can invade host cells through the CD147/EMMPRIN receptor and mediate membrane fusion (9, 10).
Wu, F. et al. (2020) Nature 579:265.
Tortorici, M.A. and D. Veesler (2019). Adv. Virus Res. 105:93.
Bosch, B.J. et al. (2003). J. Virol. 77:8801.
Belouzard, S. et al. (2009) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 106:5871.
Millet, J.K. and G.R. Whittaker (2015) Virus Res. 202:120.
Which Brands are Currently Available on bio‑techne.com? R&D Systems, Tocris Bioscience and ProteinSimple branded products are available to purchase through bio‑techne.com. ProteinSimple branded instruments are available to quote. ACD branded products will be available on bio‑techne.com in the near future. Novus Biologicals branded products are not currently available on bio‑techne.com and can be found at novusbio.com.
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