Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived hcov-oc43 Spike protein Val15-Pro1297 (Arg754Ser, Arg757Ser), with a C-terminal 6-His tag
>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
N-terminal sequence Analysis
Predicted Molecular Mass
>150 kDa, under reducing conditions.
Measured by its ability to agglutinate mouse red blood cells. The ED50 for this effect is 0.10‑1.00 µg/mL.
Formulation, Preparation and Storage
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our
Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant
protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration.
The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or
as an ELISA standard.
In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA
Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage:
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
HCoV-OC43, a virus first isolated in 1960's that accounts for ~ 20% of the common cold, belongs to a family of viruses known as coronaviruses that are commonly comprised of a large plus-strand RNA genome and four structural proteins: Spike protein (S), Envelope protein (E), Membrane protein (M), and Nucleocapsid protein (N) (1, 2). Other well-known human coronaviruses include three viruses that cause relatively mild respiratory disease: HCoV-229E, HCoV-HKU1 and HCov-NL63, plus three viruses that cause the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV), the Middle East Respirator Syndrome (MERS-CoV), and the global pandemic Covid-19 (SARS-CoV2). While the S, E and M proteins build up the viral envelop, the N protein is involved transcription, replication, and packaging of the viral RNA genome into a helical ribonucleocapsid (RNP) (3, 4). The CoV-OC43 N protein is a ~50 kDa protein composed of two independent structural domains connected by a linker region. Both the N-terminal and the linker regions contain RNA binding domains, while the C-terminal region is responsible for the oligomerization of the N protein (5). The CoV‑OC43 N protein shares 64% amino acid sequence identity with CoV-HKU1 N protein. the N protein is an abundant protein during coronavirus infection and displays high immunogenic activity. Cross activity of antibodies among different strains should be rigorously tested when designing serological diagnostic kits (6, 7).
St-Jean, J.R. et al. (2004) J. Virol. 78:8824.
Vabret, A. et al. (2003) Fr Clin Infect Dis. 36:985.
Chang, C.K. et al. (2006) J. Biomed. Sci. 13:59.
Hurst, K.R. et al. (2009) J. Virol. 83:7221.
Huang, C.Y. et al. (2009) Protein Sci. 18:2209.
Chan, K.H. et al. (2005) Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 12:1317.
Mourez, T. et al. (2007) J. Virol Methods. 139:175.
Which Brands are Currently Available on bio‑techne.com? R&D Systems, Tocris Bioscience and ProteinSimple branded products are available to purchase through bio‑techne.com. ProteinSimple branded instruments are available to quote. ACD branded products will be available on bio‑techne.com in the near future. Novus Biologicals branded products are not currently available on bio‑techne.com and can be found at novusbio.com.
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