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Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Protein, CF Best Seller

Bio-Techne includes R&D Systems | Catalog # 1086-PD

Analyzed by SEC-MALS
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1086-PD-01M
1086-PD-050

Key Product Details

Source

NS0

Accession #

Structure / Form

Disulfide-linked homodimer

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Binding Activity

Product Specifications

Source

Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human PD-1 protein
Human PD-1
(Leu25-Gln167)
Accession # Q15116.3
IEGRMD Human IgG1
(Pro100-Lys330)
N-terminus C-terminus

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Leu25

Predicted Molecular Mass

42.6 kDa (monomer)

SDS-PAGE

60 - 70 kDa, under reducing conditions.

Activity

Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA.
When Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera is immobilized at 0.1 µg/mL (100 µL/well), Recombinant Human B7-H1/PD-L1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 156-B7) binds with a typical ED50 of 0.15-0.75 μg/mL.

Scientific Data Images for Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Protein, CF

Recombinant Human PD‑1 Fc Chimera Protein SEC-MALS.

Recombinant human PD-1/Fc (Catalog # 1086-PD) has a molecular weight (MW) of 125.1 kDa as analyzed by SEC-MALS, suggesting that this protein is a homodimer.  MW may differ from predicted MW due to post-translational modifications (PTMs) present (i.e. Glycosylation).
Graph showing bioactivity of Human PD-1 protein

Bioactivity of Human PD-1 Protein

When Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1086-PD) is coated at 0.1 µg/mL, Recombinant Human B7-H1/PD-L1 Fc Chimera (156-B7) binds with a typical ED50 of 0.15-0.75 µg/mL.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

1086-PD
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.

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Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: PD-1

PD-1 (Programmed Death-1 receptor), also known as CD279, is a receptor expressed on T cells responsible for modulating T cell activation. Like CTLA-4, PD-1 is classified as an immune checkpoint inhibitory receptor. When PD-1 protein binds to PD-L1, it initiates a negative signaling cascade inhibiting activation of T cells. The cytoplasmic tail contains two tyrosine residues that form the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motif (ITSM) that are important for mediating PD-1 signaling. Normally, PD-1 helps keep T cells from attacking other cells in the body. However, many cancers take advantage of this by expressing high amounts of PD-L1 allowing cancer cells to evade the body's own immune response. Blocking the PD-1:PD-L1 interaction has proven successful in treating many different cancer types.

PD-1 protein is type I transmembrane receptor belonging to the CD28 family of immune regulatory receptors (1). Other members of this family include CD28, CTLA-4, ICOS, and BTLA (2-5). Mature human PD-1 consists of an extracellular region (ECD) with one immunoglobulin-like V‑type domain, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic region. The mature ECD of human PD-1 shares 61% amino acid sequence identity with mouse PD-1 ECD. PD-1 protein acts as a monomeric receptor and interacts in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio with its ligands PD-L1 (B7-H1) and PD-L2 (B7-DC) (6, 7). PD‑1 is expressed on activated T cells, B cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells while PD-L1 expression is constitutive on the same cells and also on nonhematopoietic cells such as lung endothelial cells and hepatocytes (8, 9). Ligation of PD-L1 with PD-1 induces co-inhibitory signals on T cells promoting their apoptosis, anergy, and functional exhaustion (10). Thus, the PD-1:PD-L1 interaction is a key regulator of the threshold of immune response and peripheral immune tolerance (11).

References

  1. Ishida, Y. et al. (1992) EMBO J. 11:3887.
  2. Sharpe, A.H. and G.J. Freeman (2002) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2:116.
  3. Coyle, A. and J. Gutierrez-Ramos (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:203.
  4. Nishimura, H. and T. Honjo (2001) Trends Immunol. 22:265.
  5. Watanabe, N. et al. (2003) Nat. Immunol. 4:670.
  6. Zhang, X. et al. (2004) Immunity 20:337.
  7. Lázár-Molnár, E. et al. (2008) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105:10483.
  8. Nishimura, H. et al. (1996) Int. Immunol. 8:773.
  9. Keir, M.E. et al. (2008) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 26:677.
  10. Butte, M.J. et al. (2007) Immunity 27:111.
  11. Okazaki, T. et al. (2013) Nat. Immunol. 14:1212.
  12. Iwai, Y. et al. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:12293.
  13. Nogrady, B. (2014) Nature 513:S10.

Long Name

Programmed Death-1

Alternate Names

CD279, PD1, PDCD1, SLEB2

Entrez Gene IDs

5133 (Human); 18566 (Mouse); 301626 (Rat); 100533201 (Porcine); 486213 (Canine); 102123659 (Cynomolgus Monkey)

Gene Symbol

PDCD1

UniProt

Additional PD-1 Products

Product Documents for Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human PD-1 Fc Chimera Protein, CF

For research use only

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