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Key Product Details

Species Reactivity

Validated:

SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2

Applications

ELISA, Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence, Neutralization, Surface Plasmon Resonance

Label

Unconjugated

Antibody Source

Recombinant Monoclonal Human IgG1 kappa Clone # CR3022

Format

Azide and BSA Free

Concentration

1 mg/ml

Product Summary for SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) - Azide and BSA Free

Immunogen

The original monoclonal antibody was generated through an scFv library derived from a peripheral blood lymphocytes of a patient exposed to the SARS-CoV.

Specificity

This antibody binds to both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 with high affinity (PMID: 16796401 & 32065055). It binds the amino acids 318-510 in the S1 domain of the SARS-CoV Spike protein as well as SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Spike protein. The antibody also binds to P462L-substituted S318-510 fragments of the SARS spike protein. The binding epitope is only accessible in the "open" confromation of the spike protein (Joyce et al. 2020).

Clonality

Monoclonal

Host

Human

Isotype

IgG1 kappa

Scientific Data Images for SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) - Azide and BSA Free

ELISA: SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) [NBP2-90980] - Binding curve of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) to SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein domains S1 and S2 of various origin. ELISA plate coated with SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S1), His-Tag (Insect Cells; grey line), SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S2), His-Tag (Insect Cells; yellow line) and SARS Coronavirus Spike Glycoprotein (S1), His-Tag (HEK293 cells; blue line) (Native Antigen) at concentrations of 5 ug/ml. A 3-fold serial dilution from 41.6 ng/ml was performed using SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022). For detection, a 1:4000 dilution of HRP-labelled anti-human IgG antibody was used.
ELISA: SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) [NBP2-90980] - Binding curve of SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) to SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S1), Sheep Fc-Tag and SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S2), Sheep Fc-Tag from HEK293 cells. ELISA plate coated with SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S1), Sheep Fc-Tag (blue line) or SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S2), Sheep Fc-Tag (orange line) from HEK293 cells (Native Antigen) at concentrations of 5 ug/ml. A 3-fold serial dilution from 125 ng/ml was performed using SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022). For detection, a 1:4000 dilution of HRP-labelled anti-human IgG antibody was used.

Applications for SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) - Azide and BSA Free

Application
Recommended Usage

ELISA

Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Immunocytochemistry/ Immunofluorescence

Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Surface Plasmon Resonance

Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Neutralization

Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Published Applications

Read 4 publications using NBP2-90980 in the following applications:

Formulation, Preparation, and Storage

Purification

Protein A purified

Formulation

PBS

Format

Azide and BSA Free

Preservative

0.02% Proclin 300

Concentration

1 mg/ml

Shipping

The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.

Stability & Storage

Store at 4C short term. Aliquot and store at -20C long term. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.

Background: Spike

The SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein is one of the four major structural proteins of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19 (1,2). The spike protein is the largest of the structural proteins, which also include the membrane (M), envelope (E), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins (1,2). The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein is a 1273 amino acid (aa) heterotrimeric class I fusion protein with each monomer having a theoretical molecular weight of approximately 180 kDa (1). The club-shaped spike protein contains several functional regions and domains including the S1 globular head region which contains the N-terminal receptor-binding domain (RBD) and the S2 stem region that contains the C-terminal fusion domain, two heptad regions, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic tail (1,2). The viral spike protein is critical for attachment of the virus with the host cell, resulting in fusion and virus entry into the cell (1,2). More specifically, the RBD of the spike protein is responsible for binding to the cell surface receptor angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) (1,2). This spike-ACE2 interaction results in a conformational change permitting furin cleavage between the S1 and S2 domains and then cleavage at S2' by TMPRRS2, or another protease, allowing membrane fusion (1,2).

Given the critical role of the spike protein RBD in the interaction with the ACE2 receptor and viral entry, a number of neutralizing antibodies against the RBD have been developed as potential therapeutics for treating COVID-19 (3). These antibodies bind the RBD domain on the S1 subunit inhibiting the interaction with ACE2 (3). However, more studies need to be done as neutralizing antibodies can result in antibody-dependent enhancement, in which the viral entry and replication within the host cell is increased (4). One potential way to combat antibody-dependent enhancement is the use of nanobodies (4). Furthermore, there are currently several vaccine strategies that are in clinical trials, or recently federally approved, that utilize the spike protein in different forms (e.g. full length, S1 RBD, RBD-Fc, N-terminal) for protecting against SARS-CoV-2 infection (4,5). These vaccine strategies include DNA vaccines, viral vector-based vaccines, RNA vaccines, and subunit vaccines (4,5).

References

1. Pillay T. S. (2020). Gene of the month: the 2019-nCoV/SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus spike protein. Journal of Clinical Pathology. https://doi.org/10.1136/jclinpath-2020-206658

2. Malik Y. A. (2020). Properties of Coronavirus and SARS-CoV-2. The Malaysian Journal of Pathology.

3. Ho M. (2020). Perspectives on the development of neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Antibody Therapeutics. https://doi.org/10.1093/abt/tbaa009

4. Samrat, S. K., Tharappel, A. M., Li, Z., & Li, H. (2020). Prospect of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Potential role in vaccine and therapeutic development. Virus Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2020.198141

5. Sternberg, A., & Naujokat, C. (2020). Structural features of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Targets for vaccination. Life Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118056

Long Name

Spike Protein

Alternate Names

S Protein

Gene Symbol

S

UniProt

Additional Spike Products

Product Documents for SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) - Azide and BSA Free

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Product Specific Notices for SARS-CoV-2 Spike Antibody (CR3022) - Azide and BSA Free

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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