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Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 His-tag Protein, CF

Bio-Techne includes R&D Systems | Catalog # 10918-CV

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10918-CV-100

Key Product Details

Source

HEK293

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

Human embryonic kidney cell, HEK293-derived sars-cov-2 ORF8 protein
Phe16-Ile121 (L84S), with a C-terminal 6-His tag

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Phe16

Predicted Molecular Mass

14 kDa

SDS-PAGE

18-24 kDa, under reducing conditions.

Scientific Data Images for Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 His-tag Protein, CF

Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 His-tag Protein SDS-PAGE.

2 μg/lane of Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 His-tag Protein (Catalog # 10918-CV) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing bands at 18-24 kDa.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

10918-CV
Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris and NaCl.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Background: ORF8

Open Reading Frame 8 (ORF8) is one of eight accessory proteins encoded at the 3' region of the coronavirus (CoV) genome (1). The accessory proteins are largely dispensable for viral replication and growth in vitro (2,3). Although not essential for replication the accessory proteins are thought to modulate virus-host interactions that are important during infection (4). Coronaviruses include various highly pathogenic strains such as SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV2 that have had significant impact on humans as well as strains that have negatively impacted livestock. ORF8 from SARS-CoV2 is a small 121 amino acid (aa) protein that can form both a monomeric or dimeric structure, the latter linked by an intermolecular disulfide bridge (5). SARS-CoV2 ORF8 contains an N-terminal signal peptide for ER import followed by an Ig-like fold. It contains two novel dimer interfaces unique to only the most recent ancestors in bats (6). SARS-CoV2 ORF8 has less than 20% sequence identity to ORF8 from SARS-CoV making it remarkably divergent. Within the ER, ORF8 is known to interact with several host proteins including factors in ERAD (7), but it is thought that ORF8 is secreted rather than retained in the ER given that ORF8 antibodies are a principal marker of SARS-CoV2 infection (8). The ORF8 protein has two high-frequency, reversible mutations including L84S (9). The L84S mutation is thought to confer instability and may disfavor SARS-CoV2 (9). While expression is not essential for replication, two separate deletions have previously been correlated with milder disease and lower hypoxia (10, 11). ORF8 has been shown to disrupt IFN-I signaling when overexpressed (12) and to down-regulate MHC-I in cells by targeting it for lysosomal degradation conferring an ability to evade immune surveillance (13). 

References

  1. Hartenian, E. et al. (2020) J. Biol. Chem. 295:12910.
  2. Haijema, B.J. et al. (2004) J. Virol. 78:3863.
  3. Yount, B. et al. (2005) J. Virol. 79:14909.
  4. Liu, D.X. et al. (2014) Antiviral Res. 109:97.
  5. Flower, T.G. et al. (2021) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 118:e2021785118.
  6. Tan, Y. et al. (2020) mBio. 11:e00760.
  7. Gordon, D.E. et al. (2020) Nature. 583:459. 
  8. Hachim, A. et al. (2020) Nat. Immunol. 21:1293.
  9. Wang, R. et al. (2020) Res. Sq. doi: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-49671/v1.
  10. Muth, D. et al. (2018) Sci. Rep. 8:15177.
  11. Young, B.E. et al. (2020) Lancet. 396:603.
  12. Li, J.Y. et al. (2020) Virus Res. 286:198074.
  13. Zhang, Y. et al. (2020) bioRxiv doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.24.111823.

Long Name

ORF8

Entrez Gene IDs

3200424 (HCoV-HKU1); 43740577 (SARS-CoV-2)

Gene Symbol

N2

UniProt

Additional ORF8 Products

Product Documents for Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 His-tag Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 ORF8 His-tag Protein, CF

For research use only

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