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Recombinant Human Progranulin Protein, CF Best Seller

Bio-Techne includes R&D Systems | Catalog # 2420-PG

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2420-PG-050

Key Product Details

Source

NS0

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human Progranulin/PGRN protein
Thr18-Leu593, with a C-terminal 6-His tag

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Thr18

Predicted Molecular Mass

62.6 kDa

SDS-PAGE

90-95 kDa

Activity

Measured by its ability to enhance neurite outgrowth of E16-E18 rat embryonic cortical neurons.
Recombinant Human Progranulin/PGRN, immobilized at 10-40 μg/mL on a nitrocellulose coated plate, is able to significantly enhance neurite outgrowth.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

2420-PG
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in sterile PBS.

Reconstitution Buffer Available:
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Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Progranulin/PGRN

Progranulin, also known as acrogranin, PC cell-derived growth factor (PCDGF) and epithelin/granulin precursor, is a ubiquitously expressed, 88 kDa, secreted glycoprotein (1 - 3). Structurally, it does not belong to any of the well-established growth factor families (4). Human Progranulin is 593 amino acids (aa) in length and contains a 17 aa signal sequence and 5 potential sites for N-linked glycosylation (Swiss Prot # P28799). It has a highly repetitive organization, containing seven tandem copies of a 55 - 57 aa consensus motif that contains 12 conserved cysteine residues: VXCX5-6CX5CCX8CCX6CCXDX2HCCPX4CX5-6CX2 (1). There is one alternate splice form for human Progranulin. This has a deletion of aa corresponding to aa 377 - 531 of the standard form. Progranulin is secreted as a full length form (2, 4), and may undergo proteolysis leading to the release of numerous peptides made from the seven tandem repeats, called the granulins (5 - 7). Human Progranulin shares 75% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Progranulin. Progranulin is involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation, as well as differentiation, development, and pathological processes (4). It has been isolated as a differentially expressed gene during mesothelial differentiation (8), macrophage development (9), the development of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis (10), sexual differentiation of the brain (11), and has also been shown to be a mediator of cartilage proliferation and of wound response and tissue repair (4, 12 13). High levels of Progranulin expression have been found to be associated with several human cancers and are believed to contribute to tumorigenesis in breast cancer, clear cell renal carcinoma, invasive ovarian carcinoma, glioblastoma, adipocyte teratoma, and multiple myeloma (4 - 5, 12, 14 - 19). In addition, mutations in the Progranulin gene are a cause of frontotemporal dementia, and increased expression of Progranulin is seen in activated microglia in many neurodegenerative diseases including Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, motor neuron disease and Alzheimer's disease (20). Mutations in Progranulin causing neurodegenerative disease indicate that Progranulin is important for neuronal survival (20).

References

  1. Plowman, G.D. et al. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267:13073.
  2. Zhou, J. et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268:10863.
  3. Liu, Y. et al. (2007) BMC Cancer 7:22.
  4. Xu, K. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:11347.
  5. Davidson, B. et al. (2004) Cancer 100:2139.
  6. Zanocco-Marani, T. et al. (1999) Cancer Res. 59:5331.
  7. Lu, R. and G. Serrero (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97:3993.
  8. Sun, X. et al. (2004) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 30:510.
  9. Barreda, D.R. et al. (2004) Dev. Comp. Immunol. 28:727.
  10. Justen, H.P. et al. (2000) Mol. Cell Biol. Res. Commun. 3:165.
  11. Suzuki, M. and M. Nishiahara (2002) Mol. Genet. Metab. 75:31.
  12. He, Z. et al. (2003) Nat. Med. 9:225.
  13. Zhu, J. et al. (2002) Cell 111:867.
  14. He, Z. and A. Bateman (2003) J. Mol. Med. 81:600.
  15. Bateman, A. et al. (1990) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 173:1161.
  16. Gonzalez, E.M. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:38113.
  17. Jones, M.B. et al. (2003) Gynecol. Oncol. 88:S136.
  18. Wang, W. et al. (2003) Clin. Cancer Res. 9:2221.
  19. Zhang, H. and G. Serrero (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95:14202.
  20. Baker, M. et al. (2006) Nature 442:916.

Alternate Names

Acrogranin, GEP, GP88, GRN, PCDGF, PEPI, PGRN, Proepithelin

Entrez Gene IDs

2896 (Human); 14824 (Mouse)

Gene Symbol

GRN

UniProt

Additional Progranulin/PGRN Products

Product Documents for Recombinant Human Progranulin Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human Progranulin Protein, CF

For research use only

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