E. coli-derived human IL-6 protein Pro29-Met212 Produced using non-animal reagents in an animal-free laboratory.
>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.
<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.
N-terminal sequence Analysis
Predicted Molecular Mass
Measured in a cell proliferation assay using T1188.8.131.52 mouse plasmacytoma cells. Nordan, R.P. et al. (1987) J. Immunol. 139:813. The ED50 for this effect is 0.2-0.8 ng/mL. The specific activity of Recombinant Human IL-6 is approximately 1.1 x 105 IU/μg, which is calibrated against human IL‑6 WHO International Standard (NIBSC code: 89/548).
Recombinant Human IL-6, Animal-Free Protein Scientific Data Examples
Equivalent Bioactivity of GMP, Animal-Free, and RUO grades of Recombinant Human IL-6
Equivalent bioactivity of GMP (206-GMP), Animal-Free (Catalog # AFL206), and RUO (206-IL/CF) grades of Recombinant Human IL-6 as measured in cell proliferation assay (orange, green, red, respectively).
Formulation, Preparation and Storage
What does CF mean?
CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our
Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant
protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration.
The carrier free version does not contain BSA.
What formulation is right for me?
In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or
as an ELISA standard.
In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS and NaCl.
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage:
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic, alpha -helical, 22-28 kDa phosphorylated and variably glycosylated cytokine that plays important roles in the acute phase reaction, inflammation, hematopoiesis, bone metabolism, and cancer progression (1-5). Mature human IL-6 is 183 amino acids (aa) in length and shares 39% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat IL-6 (6). Alternative splicing generates several isoforms with internal deletions, some of which exhibit antagonistic properties (7-10). IL-6 induces signaling through a cell surface heterodimeric receptor complex composed of a ligand binding subunit (IL-6 R alpha) and a signal transducing subunit (gp130). IL-6 binds to IL-6 R alpha, triggering IL-6 R alpha association with gp130 and gp130 dimerization (11). gp130 is also a component of the receptors for CLC, CNTF, CT-1, IL-11, IL-27, LIF, and OSM (12). Soluble forms of IL-6 R alpha are generated by both alternative splicing and proteolytic cleavage (5). In a mechanism known as trans-signaling, complexes of soluble IL-6 and IL-6 R alpha elicit responses from gp130-expressing cells that lack cell surface IL-6 R alpha (5). Trans-signaling enables a wider range of cell types to respond to IL-6, as the expression of gp130 is ubiquitous, while that of IL-6 R alpha is predominantly restricted to hepatocytes, monocytes, and resting lymphocytes (2, 5). Soluble splice forms of gp130 block trans-signaling from IL-6/IL-6 R alpha but not from other cytokines that use gp130 as a co-receptor (5, 13). IL-6, along with TNF-alpha and IL-1, drives the acute inflammatory response and the transition from acute inflammation to either acquired immunity or chronic inflammatory disease (1-5). When dysregulated, it contributes to chronic inflammation in obesity, insulin resistance, inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, sepsis, and atherosclerosis (1, 2, 5). IL-6 can also function as an anti-inflammatory molecule, as in skeletal muscle where it is secreted in response to exercise (2). In addition, it enhances hematopoietic stem cell proliferation and the differentiation of Th17 cells, memory B cells, and plasma cells (1, 14).
Mansell, A. and B.J. Jenkins (2013) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 24:249.
Schuett, H. et al. (2009) Thromb. Haemost. 102:215.
Erta, M. et al. (2012) Int. J. Biol. Sci. 8:1254.
Garbers, C. et al. (2012) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 23:85.
Mihara, M. et al. (2012) Clin. Sci. (Lond.) 122:143.
Hirano, T. et al. (1986) Nature 324:73.
Kestler, D.P. et al. (1995) Blood 86:4559.
Kestler, D.P. et al. (1999) Am. J. Hematol. 61:169.
Bihl, M.P. et al. (2002) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 27:48.
Alberti, L. et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65:2.
Murakami, M. et al. (1993) Science 260:1808.
Muller-Newen, G. (2003) Sci. STKE 2003:PE40.
Mitsuyama, K. et al. (2006) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 143:125.
Animal-Free Manufacturing Conditions Our dedicated controlled-access animal-free laboratories ensure that at no point in production are the products exposed to potential contamination by animal components or byproducts. Every stage of manufacturing is conducted in compliance with R&D Systems' stringent Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). Production and purification procedures use equipment and media that are confirmed animal-free.
All molecular biology procedures use animal-free media and dedicated labware.
Dedicated fermentors are utilized in committed animal-free areas.
Protein purification columns are animal-free.
Bulk proteins are filtered using animal-free filters.
Purified proteins are stored in animal-free containers in a dedicated cold storage room.
Low Endotoxin Level.
No impairment of biological activity.
High quality product obtained under stringent conditions.
Which Brands are Currently Available on bio‑techne.com? R&D Systems, Tocris Bioscience and ProteinSimple branded products are available to purchase through bio‑techne.com. ProteinSimple branded instruments are available to quote. ACD branded products will be available on bio‑techne.com in the near future. Novus Biologicals branded products are not currently available on bio‑techne.com and can be found at novusbio.com.
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