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Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein Best Seller

Catalog # 8879-IL | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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Carrier Free
8879-IL-010/CF
8879-IL-050/CF

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With Carrier
8879-IL-010
8879-IL-050

Key Product Details

Source

E. coli

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

E. coli-derived human IL-21 protein
Gln32-Ser162 with a N-terminal Met

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Met

Predicted Molecular Mass

15 kDa

SDS-PAGE

17 kDa, reducing conditions

Activity

Measured by its ability to enhance IFN-gamma secretion in NK-92 human natural killer lymphoma cells.
The ED50 for this effect is ≤ 8 ng/mL.

Scientific Data Images for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein

Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein Bioactivity

Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein Bioactivity

Recombinant Human IL-21 (Catalog # 8879-IL) enhances IFN-gamma secretion in NK-92 human natural killer lymphoma cells. The ED50 for this effect is ≤ 8 ng/mL.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

Carrier Free
What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

Carrier: 8879-IL
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, ≤ -20 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Carrier Free: 8879-IL/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, ≤ -20 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-21

IL-21 (Interleukin-21) is a potent cytokine regulating many cell types of the immune system. IL-21 is produced by activated T follicular helper cells (Tfh), Th17 cells, and NKT cells (2-6). Tfh-derived IL-21 plays an important role in the development of humoral immunity through its autocrine effects on the Tfh cell and paracrine effects on immunoglobulin affinity maturation, plasma cell differentiation, and B cell memory responses (4, 8, 9). IL-21 protein regulates several aspects of T cell function. It co-stimulates the activation, proliferation, and survival of CD8+ T cells and NKT cells and promotes Th17 cell polarization (3, 5, 6, 11, 12). IL-21 blocks the generation of regulatory T cells and their suppressive effects on CD4+ T cells (13, 14). In addition to its role in T cell biology, IL-21 also plays a critical role in B cell activation, proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis (2). It is also required for the migration of dendritic cells to draining lymph nodes (10). And IL-21 suppresses cutaneous hypersensitivity reactions by limiting allergen-specific IgE production and mast cell degranulation (16). In the autoimmune disease Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a link between IL-21 and SLE disease susceptibility and progression was recently reported (19).

IL-21 protein exerts its biological effects through a heterodimeric receptor complex of gamma c and the IL-21-specific IL-21 R (2, 7). IL-21 is an approximately 14 kDa four-helix-bundle member of the family of cytokines that utilize the common gamma chain (gamma c) as a receptor subunit. gamma c is also a subunit of the receptors for IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, and IL-15 (1). IL-21 R engagement enhances the cytolytic activity and IFN-gamma production of activated NK cells but limits the expansion of resting NK cells (15). Dysregulation of the IL-21/IL-21 R system contributes to the development of multiple immunological disorders (1, 17). The 133 amino acid (aa) mature human IL-21 protein shares 63% and 61% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat IL-21 protein, respectively. Alternative splicing generates an additional isoform with a substitution of the C-terminal 16 amino acids (18).

References

  1. Tangye, S.G. (2015) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 34:107.
  2. Parrish-Novak, et al. (2000) Nature 408:57.
  3. Coquet, J.M. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:2827.
  4. Vogelzang, A. et al. (2008) Immunity 29:127.
  5. Korn, T. et al. (2007) Nature 448:484.
  6. Nurieva, R. et al. (2007) Nature 448:480.
  7. Asao, H. et al. (2001) J. Immunol. 167:1.
  8. Zotos, D. et al. (2010) J. Exp. Med. 207:365.
  9. Rankin, A.L. et al. (2011) J. Immunol. 186:667.
  10. Jin, H. et al. (2009) J. Clin. Invest. 119:47.
  11. Frohlich, A. et al. (2009) Science 324:1576.
  12. Yi, J.S. et al. (2009) Science 324:1572.
  13. Peluso, I. et al. (2007) J. Immunol. 178:732.
  14. Bucher, C. et al. (2009) Blood 114:5375.
  15. Kasaian, M.T. et al. (2002) Immunity 16:559.
  16. Tamagawa-Mineoka, R. et al. (2011) J. Invest. Dermatol. 131:1513.
  17. Ma, J. et al. (2011) Cytokine 56:133.
  18. Rahman, M. et al. (2007) FEBS Lett. 581:4001.
  19. Wang, et al. (2018) Nature Commun. 9: 1758.

Long Name

Interleukin 21

Alternate Names

CVID11, IL21, Za11

Entrez Gene IDs

59067 (Human); 60505 (Mouse); 365769 (Rat); 442935 (Canine); 100344172 (Rabbit)

Gene Symbol

IL21

UniProt

Product Documents for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein

For research use only

Citations for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein (24)

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Customer Reviews for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein (4)

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  • Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein
    Name: Anonymous
    Application: In vitro bioactivity in cell culture
    Verified Customer | Posted 02/02/2023
  • Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein
    Name: Donghyun Kim
    Application: In vitro bioactivity in cell culture
    Verified Customer | Posted 01/08/2020
  • Name: Anonymous
    Application: In vitro bioactivity in cell culture
    Verified Customer | Posted 06/12/2019
    Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein 8879-IL
  • Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein
    Name: Adam Guess
    Application: In vitro bioactivity in cell culture
    Verified Customer | Posted 09/27/2018
    Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein 8879-IL

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FAQs for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein

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  • Q: Is there a mass to unit conversion for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein (Catalog # 8879-IL & Catalog # 8879-IL/CF)?

    A: We have not developed a specific mass to unit conversion factor for Recombinant Human IL-21 Protein (Catalog # 8879-IL & 8879-IL/CF). We recommend checking the Citations tab on the product-specific page to review publications citing use of the product.  We also recommend performing a dose-response study for your assay to determine the optimal concentration for your experiment.

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