Skip to main content

Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein Best Seller

Catalog # 795-P4 | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
Loading...
Carrier Free
795-P4-025/CF

Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
With Carrier
795-P4-025

Key Product Details

Source

E. coli

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

E. coli-derived human CXCL4/PF4 protein
Glu32-Ser101

Purity

>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.

Endotoxin Level

<0.01 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Glu32

Predicted Molecular Mass

7.8 kDa

Activity

Measured by its ability to inhibit the FGF basic-dependent proliferation of HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Dubrac, A. et al. (2010) Blood 116:4703.
The ED50 for this effect is typically 2-10 µg/mL.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

Carrier Free
What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

Carrier: 795-P4
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 250 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Carrier Free: 795-P4/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Acetonitrile and TFA.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 250 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: CXCL4/PF4

CXCL4, also called PF4 (platelet factor 4), is an 8 kDa member of the CXC chemokine family, sharing features with CXCL8/IL-8 and CXCL7/NAP-2 (1-3). Mature human CXCL4 shares 65-76% amino acid sequence identity with mouse, rat, bovine, ovine and porcine CXCL4. The active protein is a tetramer of CXCL4 subunits that forms a ring of heparin-binding positive charges from sites at the C-terminal region of each monomer (3). Megakaryocytes synthesize CXCL4 and store it in platelet alpha-granules (2, 3). Secretion from activated platelets can produce micromolar levels in serum and over 100-fold higher within clots (2, 3). In contrast to other CXC chemokines, CXCL4 does not contain an ELR motif and lacks binding to nearly all chemokine receptors (2, 3). A potential high-affinity G-protein-coupled receptor for CXCL4, the CXCR3 isoform CXCR3B, is expressed in human but not mouse (2, 3). In most cases, it is likely that cell surface binding and signaling properties of CXCL4 are due to binding of glycosaminoglycans chains, particularly chondroitin sulfates (2). CXCL4 released from activated platelets binds and regulates thrombin/thrombomodulin complexes, regulates and enhances production of activated Protein C (APC), and limits the coagulation cascade (2-6). It binds and influences the enzymatic activity of coagulation factor Xa (7). It binds fibrin and affects clot structure (8). Therapeutic doses of the anticoagulant heparin neutralize CXCL4 procoagulant effects (9). The complex between heparin and CXCL4 can be immunogenic, and circulating CXCL4-heparin antibodies cause the pathological syndrome HITT (heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis, also called HIT) (2). In addition, immunogenic complexes of CXCL4 with apolipoprotein H can contribute to antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) (10). CXCL4 can be antiproliferative and antiangiogenic, at least in part via interfering with FGF-2 and VEGF heparin binding and thus inhibiting their signaling (3, 11-13). However, it can also be proinflammatory and pro-atherogenic through multiple effects on monocytes, macrophages and endothelial cells (2, 3).

References

  1. Poncz, M. et al. (1987) Blood 69:219.
  2. Kowalska, M.A. et al. (2010) Thromb. Res. 125:292.
  3. Slungaard, A. (2005) Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 37:1162.
  4. Slungaard, A. et al. (2003) Blood 102:146.
  5. Kowalska, M.A. et al. (2007) Blood 110:1903.
  6. Preston, R.J.S. et al. (2009) J. Biol. Chem. 284:5869.
  7. Fiore, M.M. and I.J. Mackie (2009) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 379:1072.
  8. Amelot, A.A. et al. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282:710.
  9. Eslin, D.E. et al. (2004) Blood 104:3173.
  10. Sikara, M.P. et al. (2010) Blood 115:713.
  11. Perollet, C. et al. (1998) Blood 91:3289.
  12. Gengrinovitch, S. et al. (1995) Journal of Biological Chemistry 270:15059.
  13. Sulpice, E. et al. (2004) Eur. J. Biochem. 271:3310.

Alternate Names

PF4

Entrez Gene IDs

5196 (Human); 56744 (Mouse); 360918 (Rat)

Gene Symbol

PF4

UniProt

Product Documents for Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein

For research use only

Citations for Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein (13)

Showing  1 - 10 of 13 publications Showing All
Filter By:
Search Title:

Citations are publications that use Bio-Techne products. Selected citations for Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein include:

There are no citations that match your criteria.

Showing  1 - 10 of 13 publications Showing All

Customer Reviews for Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein (2)

5 out of 5
2 customer ratings
5 stars
100%
4 stars
0%
3 stars
0%
2 stars
0%
1 star
0%

Customer Images


Showing  1 - 2 of 2 reviews Showing All
Filter By:
  • Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein
    Name: Balaji Mahender
    Application: Immunoassay Standard
    Verified Customer | Posted 02/05/2018
  • Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein
    Name: Anonymous
    Application: Immunoassay Standard
    Verified Customer | Posted 11/17/2017
    This protein was used with MAB7951 and BAF795 to build an ELISA.
    Recombinant Human CXCL4/PF4 Protein 795-P4

There are no reviews that match your criteria.

Showing  1 - 2 of 2 reviews Showing All

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

÷
=
Loading...
Setting the standard in quality research reagents