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Recombinant Human Crossveinless-2 Protein

Bio-Techne includes R&D Systems | Catalog # 1956-CV

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Carrier Free
1956-CV-050/CF

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With Carrier
1956-CV-050

Key Product Details

Source

NS0

Accession #

Structure / Form

Disulfide-linked heterodimer

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human Crossveinless-2/CV-2 protein
Val34-Asp369, with an N-terminal 7-His tag & Ala39-Asp369 (N-terminal fragments) & Pro370-Arg685 (C-terminal fragment)

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

His & Ala39 (N-terminal fragments) & Pro370 (C-terminal fragment)

SDS-PAGE

50-55 kDa doublet and 39 kDa, reducing conditions

Activity

Measured by its ability to inhibit rhBMP-4-induced alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC5 mouse chondrogenic cells. Binnerts, M.E. et al. (2004) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 315:272.
The ED50 for this effect is 0.2-1.6 µg/mL in the presence of 30 ng/mL of Recombinant Human BMP-4 (Catalog # 314-BP).

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

Carrier Free
What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

Carrier: 1956-CV
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Carrier Free: 1956-CV/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: Crossveinless-2/CV-2

Crossveinless-2 (CV-2), also known as bone morphogenetic protein-binding endothelial cell precursor-derived regulator (BMPER), is a secreted chordin-like protein that modulates the BMP signaling pathway (1 - 3). Human CV-2 is synthesized as a 685 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a putative 39 aa signal peptide, five tandem chordin-like cysteine-rich (CR) domains, a partial von Willebrand factor type D domain (vWD), and a carboxyl trypsin inhibitor-like cysteine-rich domain (TIL) (1, 4). Secreted CV-2 is reported to be proteolytically cleaved to generate two fragments that are disulfide-linked (1, 2). The cleavage site of R&D Systems’ recombinant CV-2 is found to be between asp369 and pro370 in the GDPH sequence within the vWD domain. This cleavage is likely due to an autocatalytic mechanism triggered by low pH comparable to that of the late secretory pathway (5). The GDPH sequence is conserved in CV-2 from other species. It is also found in multiple proteins that undergo a similar type of cleavage (5). Human CV-2 message is detected in many tissues, with the highest expression detected in adult brain and adult and fetal lung (1). It is also expressed in flk-1+ endothelial cell precursors and in primary chondrocytes (2). During embryonic development, CV-2 is expressed in regions of high BMP signaling, such as the posterior primitive streak and the ventral tail bud (4). Human CV-2 shares 92% and 34% aa sequence identity with the mouse and Drosophila homologs, respectively (1, 4). Results from biochemical experiments using recombinant CV-2 show that CV-2 directly interacts with BMP-2, -4, and -6 to antagonize BMP signaling, which can regulate a wide range of differentiation processes (1, 2). In contrast, genetic data from Drosophila suggest that CV-2 potentiates BMP-signaling (6). It is possible that like TSG, CV-2 can positively and negatively modulate BMP signal transduction depending on the cell context (7).

References

  1. Binnerts, M.E. et al. (2004) Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 315:272.  
  2. Moser, M. et al. (2003) Mol Cell Biol. 23:5664. 
  3. Garcia-Abreu, J. et al. (2002) Gene, 287: 39. 
  4. Coffinier, C. et al. (2002) Mech Dev. 119:S179.
  5. Lidell, M.E. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:13944.
  6. Conley, C.A. et al. (2000) Development 127:3947.
  7. Kamimura, M. et al. (2004) Developmental Dynamics 230:434.

Long Name

BMP-binding Endothelial Regulator Protein

Alternate Names

BMPER

Entrez Gene IDs

168667 (Human); 73230 (Mouse)

Gene Symbol

BMPER

UniProt

Additional Crossveinless-2/CV-2 Products

Product Documents for Recombinant Human Crossveinless-2 Protein

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human Crossveinless-2 Protein

For research use only

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