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Recombinant Cotton Rat IL-4 Protein

Catalog # 584-R4 | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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Carrier Free
584-R4-010/CF

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With Carrier
584-R4-010

Key Product Details

Source

E. coli

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

E. coli-derived cotton rat IL-4 protein
Cys21-Phe147, with an N-terminal Met

Purity

>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Met

Predicted Molecular Mass

15 kDa

Activity

Measured in a cell proliferation assay using rat splenocytes.
The ED50 for this effect is 0.15-1.5 ng/mL.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

Carrier Free
What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

Carrier: 584-R4
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 10 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Carrier Free: 584-R4/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-4

Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13 kDa-18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1-3). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha-helix structure (4). Cotton rat IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 amino acid (aa) signal sequence. Mature cotton rat IL-4 shares 41%, 44%, 57%, and 68% aa sequence identity with bovine, human, mouse, and rat IL-4, respectively. IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (5, 6). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and -21). The type II receptor on nonhematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL-13 R alpha1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2-biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgE in B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (7-10). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (9, 11).

References

  1. Benczik, M. and S.L. Gaffen (2004) Immunol. Invest. 33:109.
  2. Chomarat, P. and J. Banchereau (1998) Int. Rev. Immunol. 17:1.
  3. Accession # AAL18820.
  4. Redfield, C. et al. (1991) Biochemistry 30:11029.
  5. Mueller, T.D. et al. (2002) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1592:237.
  6. Nelms, K. et al. (1999) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 17:701.
  7. Paludan, S.R. (1998) Scand. J. Immunol. 48:459.
  8. Corthay, A. (2006) Scand. J. Immunol. 64:93.
  9. Ryan, J.J. et al. (2007) Crit. Rev. Immunol. 27:15.
  10. Grone, A. (2002) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 88:1.
  11. Rosenberg, H.F. et al. (2007) J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 119:1303.

Long Name

Interleukin 4

Alternate Names

BCDF, BCGF-1, BCGF1, BSF-1, BSF1, IL4, IL4E12

Entrez Gene IDs

3565 (Human); 16189 (Mouse); 287287 (Rat); 397225 (Porcine); 280824 (Bovine); 403785 (Canine); 574281 (Primate); 100302454 (Rabbit)

Gene Symbol

IL4

UniProt

Additional IL-4 Products

Product Documents for Recombinant Cotton Rat IL-4 Protein

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Cotton Rat IL-4 Protein

For research use only

Reconstitution Calculator

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