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CD45 Antibody (2B11 + PD7/26)

Catalog # NBP2-34287 | Novus Biologicals a Bio-Techne Brand

Key Product Details

Species Reactivity

Human, Canine

Applications

Flow Cytometry, Immunohistochemistry, Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin, Western Blot

Label

Unconjugated

Antibody Source

Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Kappa/IgG1 Kappa Clone # 2B11 + PD7/26

Concentration

0.2 mg/ml

Product Summary for CD45 Antibody (2B11 + PD7/26)

Immunogen

Isolated neoplastic cells from T cell lymphoma (2B11); and human peripheral blood lymphocytes maintained in T cell growth factor (PD7/26)

Localization

Cell surface and cytoplasmic

Specificity

Recognizes the CD45 leukocyte common antigen (LCA) family which is comprised of at least four isoforms of membrane glycoproteins (220, 205, 190, 180kDa) expressed on hematopoietic cell lines but absent on non-hematopoietic cell lines, normal and malignant non-hematopoietic tissues. The intracellular portions of these molecules have protein phosphatase activity and are involved in regulation of transmembrane signals. Antibody to CD45 is useful in differential diagnosis of lymphoid tumors from non-hematopoietic undifferentiated neoplasms. A positive result with this monoclonal antibody is highly indicative of lymphoid or myeloid origin. Certain types of lymphoid neoplasms may lack CD45 (Hodgkin lymphoma, some T-cell lymphomas, and some leukemias) so its absence does not rule out a hematolymphoid tumor. This antibody is expressed almost exclusively by cells of hematopoietic lineage and is present in most benign and malignant lymphocytes as well as plasma cell precursors.

Marker

Leucocyte Marker

Clonality

Monoclonal

Host

Mouse

Isotype

IgG1 Kappa/IgG1 Kappa

Theoretical MW

147 kDa.
Disclaimer note: The observed molecular weight of the protein may vary from the listed predicted molecular weight due to post translational modifications, post translation cleavages, relative charges, and other experimental factors.

Description

200ug/ml of antibody purified from Bioreactor Concentrate by Protein A or G. Prepared in 10 mM PBS with 0.05% BSA & 0.05% azide. Also available WITHOUT BSA & azide at 1.0 mg/ml. (NBP2-34528)

Antibody with azide - store at 2 to 8C. Antibody without azide - store at -20 to -80C. Antibody is stable for 24 months. Non-hazardous.

Scientific Data Images for CD45 Antibody (2B11 + PD7/26)

Immunohistochemical Detection of CD45 in Paraffin Embedded Human Tonsil

Immunohistochemical Detection of CD45 in Paraffin Embedded Human Tonsil

Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human tonsil (20X) stained with CD45 antibody (2B11 + PD7/26) [NBP2-34287].
Detection of CD45 in Human Spleen Tissue Lysates in Western Blot

Detection of CD45 in Human Spleen Tissue Lysates in Western Blot

Western Blot Analysis of human Spleen tissue lysates using CD45 antibody (2B11 + PD7/26) [NBP2-34287]. Observed molecular weight ~200 kDa.
Flow Cytometry of PBMCs Stained with CF488A Labeled CD45 Antibody

Flow Cytometry of PBMCs Stained with CF488A Labeled CD45 Antibody

Flow cytometry analysis of lymphocyte-gated PBMCs unstained (gray) or stained with CF488A-labeled CD45 antibody (2B11 + PD7/26) (green).

Applications for CD45 Antibody (2B11 + PD7/26)

Application
Recommended Usage

Flow Cytometry

1-2 ug/million cells

Immunohistochemistry-Paraffin

1-2 ug/ml

Western Blot

1-2 ug/ml
Application Notes
Immunohistochemistry (Formalin-fixed): 1-2ug/ml for 30 minutes at RT. Staining of formalin-fixed tissues requires heating tissue sections in 10mM Tris with 1mM EDTA, pH 9.0, for 45 min at 95C followed by cooling at RT for 20 minutes.
Optimal dilution for a specific application should be determined.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Published Applications

Read 5 publications using NBP2-34287 in the following applications:

Formulation, Preparation, and Storage

Purification

Protein A or G purified

Formulation

10 mM PBS with 0.05% BSA

Preservative

0.05% Sodium Azide

Concentration

0.2 mg/ml

Shipping

The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.

Stability & Storage

Store at 4C.

Background: CD45

CD45, also known as leukocyte common antigen (LCA), T200, or Ly5, is a member C of the class 1 receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPRC) family (1, 2). It is a transmembrane glycoprotein which, due to alternative splicing, has a multiple isoforms with a theoretical molecular weight ranging from 180 - 220 kDa (1, 3-5). Human CD45 is synthesized as a 1281 amino acid sequence consisting of an alternatively spliced extracellular receptor-like region, a cysteine-rich domain, fibronectin-like III repeats, a transmembrane segment, and a cytoplasmic region with tandem protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) domains: the membrane proximal domain (D1) and the membrane distal domain (D2) (3, 5). CD45 is expressed on all nucleated hematopoietic cells and their precursors, except mature red blood cells, and is one of the most abundantly-expressed cell-surface glycoproteins, comprising approximately 10% of surface proteins in lymphocytes (3). Functionally, CD45 is essential for development and activation of T-cells and B-cells (1-5). More specifically, CD45 positively regulates antigen receptor signaling and Src-family member kinase activity (1, 3). There are many ways to regulate CD45 phosphatase activity including ligand binding, dimerization, protein interactions, cellular localization, and covalent modifications (3, 6). Ligands for CD45 include pUL11, a transmembrane protein of the cytomegalovirus RL11 (CMV RL11) family, and placental protein 14 (PP14), both of which exclusively bind CD45, and various lectins including CD22, galectin-1, galectin-3, macrophage mannose receptor (MR), and macrophage galactose-type lectin (MGL) (6).

Given its role in immune cell development and activation, CD45 has also been linked to a variety of diseases. The importance of CD45 in immunity has been revealed in human and mouse studies where CD45-deficiency leads to a severe-combined immunodeficiency (SCID) phenotype (2, 3, 6). A CD45-knockout mice study revealed inhibited thymocyte production and poor B-cell response, whereas CD45 activation in mice causes lymphoproliferation and autoantibody production (3). CD45 variants have been associated with altered immune function and autoimmune disorders including multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (6). Furthermore, altered CD45 expression has been implicated in oncological conditions including chronic lymphatic leukemia, acute lymphatic leukemia, Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (6). Considering its role in autoimmune disorders, immunodeficiency and cancer, CD45 is an ideal therapeutic target (3, 6). The main approaches to control CD45 function is through either selective inhibitors or anti-CD45 antibodies (3).

Alternative names for CD45 includes B220, CD antigen: CD45, CD45 antigen, CD45R, EC 3.1.3.48, GP180, LCA, Leukocyte common antigen, LY5, protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type c polypeptide, PTPRC, receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase C, T200 Glycoprotein, and T200.

References

1. Trowbridge, I. S., & Thomas, M. L. (1994). CD45: an emerging role as a protein tyrosine phosphatase required for lymphocyte activation and development. Annual review of immunology. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.iy.12.040194.000505

2. Andersen, J. N., Jansen, P. G., Echwald, S. M., Mortensen, O. H., Fukada, T., Del Vecchio, R., Tonks, N. K., & Moller, N. P. (2004). A genomic perspective on protein tyrosine phosphatases: gene structure, pseudogenes, and genetic disease linkage. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.

3. Hermiston, M. L., Xu, Z., & Weiss, A. (2003). CD45: a critical regulator of signaling thresholds in immune cells. Annual review of immunology. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.immunol.21.120601.140946

4. Tonks, N. K., Diltz, C. D., & Fischer, E. H. (1990). CD45, an integral membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase. Characterization of enzyme activity. The Journal of biological chemistry.

5. Nam, H. J., Poy, F., Saito, H., & Frederick, C. A. (2005). Structural basis for the function and regulation of the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45. The Journal of experimental medicine. https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20041890

6. Rheinlander, A., Schraven, B., & Bommhardt, U. (2018). CD45 in human physiology and clinical medicine. Immunology letters. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2018.01.009

Long Name

Cluster of Differentiation 45

Alternate Names

CD45, LCA, PTPRC, T200 Glycoprotein

Gene Symbol

PTPRC

UniProt

Product Documents for CD45 Antibody (2B11 + PD7/26)

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Product Specific Notices for CD45 Antibody (2B11 + PD7/26)

This product is for research use only and is not approved for use in humans or in clinical diagnosis. Primary Antibodies are guaranteed for 1 year from date of receipt.

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