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Recombinant Rat IL-22 Protein

Catalog # 1316-RL | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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Carrier Free
1316-RL-010/CF

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With Carrier
1316-RL-010

Key Product Details

Source

E. coli

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

E. coli-derived rat IL-22 protein
Leu27-Val172, with an N-terminal Met

Purity

>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.

Endotoxin Level

<0.1 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Met

Predicted Molecular Mass

16.7 kDa

Activity

Measured by its ability to induce IL-10 secretion in COLO 205 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. Nagalakshmi, M.L. et al. (2004) International Immunopharmacology 4:679.
The ED50 for this effect is 150-750 pg/mL.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

Carrier Free
What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

Carrier: 1316-RL
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 10 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Carrier Free: 1316-RL/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: IL-22

Interleukin-22 (IL-22), also known as IL-10-related T cell-derived inducible factor (IL-TIF), was initially identified as a gene induced by IL-9 in mouse T cells and mast cells. It belongs to the IL-10-related cytokine family that consists of six members (IL-10, IL-19, IL-20, IL-22, IL-24/MDA-7, and IL-26/AK155). These proteins share structural homology and some degree of amino acid sequence homology to IL-10. Receptors for these proteins are members of the class II cytokine receptor family (1). The rat IL-22 coding region corresponding to amino acids 48 - 179 was deduced from a rat genomic clone (Genbank accession numaber AC111483). The N-terminal portion was cloned from rat adipocyte first strands using degenerate forward primers based on the human and mouse IL-22 amino acid sequences in two independent PCR reactions (2). Rat IL-22 cDNA predicts a 179 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a putative 33 aa signal peptide that is cleaved to generate a 147 aa mature protein, which shares approximately 92% and 79% aa sequence identity with mouse and human IL-22, respectively. IL-22 signals through a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of the IL-22R (CRF2-9) subunit and the ( chain of IL-10R (CRF2-4). In addition, IL-22 also binds to a secreted member of the class II cytokine receptor family called IL-22BP that acts as a natural IL-22 antagonist. IL-22 upregulates acute-phase reactants in the liver and hepatoma cells. In a rat hepatoma cell line, IL-22 has been shown to activate the Jak/STAT and MAPK signaling pathways (3).

References

  1. Kotenko, S.V. (2002) Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews 13:223.
  2. Kettlewell, J. (2002) R&D Systems, unpublished results.
  3. Lejeune, D. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:33673.

Long Name

Interleukin 22

Alternate Names

IL-TIF, IL22

Entrez Gene IDs

50616 (Human); 50929 (Mouse); 500836 (Rat)

Gene Symbol

IL22

UniProt

Product Documents for Recombinant Rat IL-22 Protein

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Rat IL-22 Protein

For research use only

Citations for Recombinant Rat IL-22 Protein (2)

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