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Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF

Catalog # 1960-FC | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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1960-FC-050

Key Product Details

Source

NS0

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Binding Activity

Product Specifications

Source

Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived mouse Fc gamma RIII (CD16) protein
Ala31-Thr215, with a C-terminal 10-His tag

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<1.0 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Ala31

Predicted Molecular Mass

22.5 kDa

SDS-PAGE

30-45 kDa, reducing conditions

Activity

Measured by its ability to bind mouse IgG with an estimated Kd <15 nM.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

1960-FC
Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped with dry ice or equivalent. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after opening.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Background: Fc gamma RIII (CD16)

Receptors for the Fc region of IgG (Fc gamma Rs) are members of the Ig superfamily that function in the activation or inhibition of immune responses such as degranulation, phagocytosis, ADCC (antibody‑dependent cellular toxicity), cytokine release, and B cell proliferation (1-3). The Fc gamma Rs have been divided into three classes based on close relationships in their extracellular domains; these groups are designated Fc gamma RI (also known as CD64), Fc gamma RII (CD32), and Fc gamma RIII (CD16). Each group may be encoded by multiple genes and exist in different isoforms depending on species and cell type. The CD64 proteins are high affinity receptors (~10-8-10-9 M) capable of binding monomeric IgG, whereas the CD16 and CD32 proteins bind IgG with lower affinities (~10-6-10-7 M) only recognizing IgG aggregates surrounding multivalent antigens (1, 4). Fc gamma Rs that deliver an activating signal either have an intrinsic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) within their cytoplasmic domains or associate with one of the ITAM-bearing adapter subunits, Fc R gamma or zeta (3, 5). The only inhibitory member in human and mouse, Fc gamma RIIb, has an intrinsic cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM). The coordinated functioning of activating and inhibitory receptors is necessary for successful initiation, amplification, and termination of immune responses (5).

Mouse CD16 is encoded by a single gene. The protein product is a type I transmembrane protein having two extracellular Ig-like domains. It is expressed on a variety of myeloid and lymphoid cells (4) and associates with Fc R gamma to deliver an activating signal upon ligand binding (5). Mouse CD32 is closely related to mouse CD16 throughout its extracellular domain (95% amino acid sequence identity), but has a divergent cytoplasmic domain and functions as an inhibitory receptor. Together these proteins constitute an activating/inhibiting receptor pair to regulate immune responses (5).

References

  1. van de Winkel, J. and P. Capes (1993) Immunol. Today 14:215. 
  2. Raghaven, M. and P. Bjorkman (1996) Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 12:181. 
  3. Ravetch, J. and S. Bolland (2001) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 19:275.
  4. Takai, T. (2002) Nature Rev. Immunol. 2:580.
  5. Ravetch, J. and L. Lanier (2000) Science 290:84.

Long Name

Fc gamma Receptor III

Alternate Names

FcgRIII

Entrez Gene IDs

14131 (Mouse); 102140945 (Cynomolgus Monkey)

Gene Symbol

FCGR3

UniProt

Product Documents for Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF

For research use only

Citations for Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF (5)

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FAQs for Recombinant Mouse Fc gamma RIII/CD16 Protein, CF

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  • Q: This protein datasheet indicates I need to use a cross-linking antibody, Catalog # MAB050, for biological activity. What is this antibody and is it really necessary?

    A: The antibody is directed against a 6x histidine repeat and is recommended for use as a cross-linker of proteins with 6x his-tag. Crosslinking is often used for proteins that require receptor trimerization and can result greater biological activity. R&D Systems Quality Control tests the performance of these proteins in the presence of the cross-linking antibody. Therefore, it is necessary to use this antibody when trying to achieve the same level of specific activity described in the datasheet.

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