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Recombinant Human GASP-2/WFIKKN Protein

Catalog # 2136-GS | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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Carrier Free
2136-GS-025/CF

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With Carrier
2136-GS-025

Key Product Details

Source

NS0

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human GASP-2/WFIKKN protein
Ala20-Asp548, with a C-terminal 6-His tag

Purity

>97%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Ala20

Predicted Molecular Mass

57.5 kDa

SDS-PAGE

65-72 kDa, reducing conditions

Activity

Measured by its ability to inhibit rmGDF-8 activity in K562 human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells.
The ED50 for this effect is 0.25-1.25 µg/mL, in the presence of 40 ng/mL of rmGDF-8.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

Carrier Free
What does CF mean?

CF stands for Carrier Free (CF). We typically add Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) as a carrier protein to our recombinant proteins. Adding a carrier protein enhances protein stability, increases shelf-life, and allows the recombinant protein to be stored at a more dilute concentration. The carrier free version does not contain BSA.

What formulation is right for me?

In general, we advise purchasing the recombinant protein with BSA for use in cell or tissue culture, or as an ELISA standard. In contrast, the carrier free protein is recommended for applications, in which the presence of BSA could interfere.

Carrier: 2136-GS
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with BSA as a carrier protein.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS containing at least 0.1% human or bovine serum albumin.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Carrier Free: 2136-GS/CF
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.
Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: GASP-2/WFIKKN

Growth and differentiation factor-associated serum protein-2 (GASP-2) cDNA encodes a 548 amino acid protein that contains a 19 amino acid signal sequence and is comprised of many conserved domains: WAP, follistatin/Kazal, immunoglobulin, two tandem Kunitz, and netrin (1). Based on the order of these conserved domains, GASP-2 is also known as WFIKKN (1). Another related protein which contains the same domain structure is called WFIKKNRP (WFIKKN-related protein), or GASP-1 (2, 3). WAP, follistatin, Kunitz and netrin domains are all implicated in protease inhibition, and the GASP proteins may be multivalent protease inhibitors (1, 4). Tests at R&D systems have measured the ability of GASP-2 to inhibit trypsin cleavage of the fluorogenic peptide substrate Mca-RPKPVE-Nval-WRK(Dnp)-NH2 (R&D Systems Catalog # ES002). The IC50 value was approximately 10 nM, as measured in a reaction mixture containing 1.0 nM trypsin, 10 µM ES002, 50 mM Tris, 10 mM CaCl2, 0.15 M NaCl, pH 7.5.

GASP-1 and -2 show distinct expression patterns both in the developing fetus and the adult. In the developing fetus, GASP-2 is abundant in the lung, skeletal muscle and liver while GASP-1 expression is highest in the brain, skeletal muscle, thymus and kidney (3). In the adult, GASP-2 is expressed primarily in the pancreas, liver, and thymus while GASP-1 is in the ovary, testis, and brain (3). Further characterization shows that GASP-1 inhibits myostatin (GDF-8) and the highly related protein, GDF-11, but not Activin or TGF-beta in vitro (2). Although, this kind of activity has not been reported for GASP-2, tests at R&D Systems have determined that GASP-2 shows similar inhibitory activity towards myostatin as GASP-1. By amino acid sequence, human GASP-2 is 55% identical to human GASP-1.

References

  1. Trexler, M. et al. (2001) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98:3705.
  2. Hill, J.J. et al. (2003) Mol. Endo. 17:1144.
  3. Trexler, M. et al. (2002) Biol. Chem. 383:223.
  4. Nagy, A. et al. (2003) Eur. Jour. Biochem. 270:2101.

Long Name

Growth and Differentiation Factor-associated Serum Protein-2

Alternate Names

GASP2, WFIKKN, WFIKKN1

Entrez Gene IDs

117166 (Human); 215001 (Mouse)

Gene Symbol

WFIKKN1

UniProt

Product Documents for Recombinant Human GASP-2/WFIKKN Protein

Certificate of Analysis

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Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human GASP-2/WFIKKN Protein

For research use only

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