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Human S100A8/S100A9 Heterodimer Alexa Fluor® 700‑conjugated Antibody

Bio-Techne includes R&D Systems | Catalog # IC45702N

Key Product Details

Species Reactivity

Human

Applications

Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry

Label

Alexa Fluor 700 (Excitation = 675-700 nm, Emission = 723 nm)

Antibody Source

Monoclonal Mouse IgG1 Clone # 900027

Product Summary

Immunogen

E. coli-derived recombinant human S100A8/S100A9 heterodimer
Met1-Glu93 (S100A8) & Thr2-Pro114 (S100A9)
Accession # P05109 (S100A8) and P06702 (S100A9)

Specificity

Detects human S100A8/S100A9 heterodimer in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no detection of recombinant human S100A8 or S100A9 monomers was observered.

Clonality

Monoclonal

Host

Mouse

Isotype

IgG1

Applications

Application
Recommended Usage

Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry

0.25-1 µg/106 cells
Sample: Human peripheral blood monocytes (PBMC) were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) and monensin overnight, then fixed with Flow Cytometry Fixation Buffer (Catalog # FC004) and permeabilized with Flow Cytometry Permeabilization/Wash Buffer (Catalog # FC005)
Please Note: Optimal dilutions of this antibody should be experimentally determined.

Formulation, Preparation, and Storage

Purification

Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant

Formulation

Supplied 0.2 mg/mL in a saline solution containing BSA and Sodium Azide.

Shipping

The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.

Stability & Storage

Protect from light. Do not freeze.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, 2 to 8 °C as supplied.

Background: S100A8/S100A9 Heterodimer

S100A8 (also known as MRP8, Calgranulin A, and CP-10) and S100A9 (also known as MRP14 and Calgranulin B) are pro-inflammatory members of the S100 family of secreted calcium binding proteins (1, 2). They are up-regulated in neutrophils and monocytes at sites of inflammation (e.g. psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, cardiac ischemia) and are present at elevated concentrations in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fluid (3-5). The 10 kDa human S100A8 and 14 kDa S100A9 each contain two EF‑hand calcium binding motifs. Human S100A8 shares 57% and 61% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with mouse and rat S100A8, respectively. Human S100A9 shares 57% and 62% amino acid sequence identity with mouse and rat S100A9, respectively (6, 7). In the presence of calcium or zinc, S100A8 and S100A9 associate into non-covalent homodimers and 34-35 kDa heterodimers with each other (8-10). The heterodimer additionally binds and sequesters manganese, thereby restricting the growth of Mn-dependent bacteria (11). The S100A8/A9 heterodimer exhibits functions beyond those performed by the individual proteins. These include binding to fatty acids such as arachidonic acid and promoting astrocyte proliferation (3, 12). S100A8, S100A9, and the heterodimer each promote neutrophil infiltration into sites of inflammation and inflammatory cytokine production by monocytes (4, 5, 9).

References

  1. Averill, M.M. et al. (2012) Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 32:223.
  2. Vogl, T. et al. (2012) Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13:2893.
  3. Siegenthaler, G. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272:9371.
  4. Sunahori, K. et al. (2006) Arthritis Res. Ther. 8:R69.
  5. Volz, H.C. et al. (2012) Basic Res. Cardiol. 107:250.
  6. Odink, K. et al. (1987) Nature 330:80.
  7. Dorin, J.R. et al. (1987) Nature 326:614.
  8. Teigelkamp, S. et al. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266:13462.
  9. Ryckman, C. et al. (2003) J. Immunol. 170:3233.
  10. Vogl, T. et al. (2006) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1763:1298.
  11. Damo, S.M. et al. (2013) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 110:3841.
  12. Ryu, M-J. et al. (2012) J. Biol. Chem. 287:22948.

Long Name

S100 Calcium Binding Protein A8/S100 Calcium Binding Protein A9

Alternate Names

Calprotectin

Entrez Gene IDs

6279 (Human)

Gene Symbol

S100A8

Additional S100A8/S100A9 Heterodimer Products

Product Documents

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices


This product is provided under an agreement between Life Technologies Corporation and R&D Systems, Inc, and the manufacture, use, sale or import of this product is subject to one or more US patents and corresponding non-US equivalents, owned by Life Technologies Corporation and its affiliates. The purchase of this product conveys to the buyer the non-transferable right to use the purchased amount of the product and components of the product only in research conducted by the buyer (whether the buyer is an academic or for-profit entity). The sale of this product is expressly conditioned on the buyer not using the product or its components (1) in manufacturing; (2) to provide a service, information, or data to an unaffiliated third party for payment; (3) for therapeutic, diagnostic or prophylactic purposes; (4) to resell, sell, or otherwise transfer this product or its components to any third party, or for any other commercial purpose. Life Technologies Corporation will not assert a claim against the buyer of the infringement of the above patents based on the manufacture, use or sale of a commercial product developed in research by the buyer in which this product or its components was employed, provided that neither this product nor any of its components was used in the manufacture of such product. For information on purchasing a license to this product for purposes other than research, contact Life Technologies Corporation, Cell Analysis Business Unit, Business Development, 29851 Willow Creek Road, Eugene, OR 97402, Tel: (541) 465-8300. Fax: (541) 335-0354.

For research use only

FAQs

Showing  1 - 2 of 2 FAQs Showing All
  • Q: Have any of your MRP8 antibodies been tested for use in neutralization, or blocking assays, on human samples?

    A: Unfortunately at this time we have not tested, or received customer feedback on our MMP8 antibodies for use in blocking or neutralizing assays. If you were planning on testing any of our MMP8 antibodies for neutralizing or blocking capabilities, we would recommend our Innovator’s Reward Program. Under the terms of this program we would be happy to provide a credit for a free vial in exchange for new data on this previously untested or reported application. Please submit this data in the form of an online review. Additional Innovators Reward Program information can be found using this link.

  • Q: We would like to stain paraffin embedded human intestinal tissue for Calprotectin. One question will be which cells express the majority of Calprotectin - invading neutrophils vs epithelium for example. The antibody list you provide is quite extensive. Which antibody would you recommend for our purpose? Which tissue would you recommend as positive control.

    A: Nine of our antibodies to Calprotectin have been validated for IHC-P with human tissue, and you can see all of these products. A number of our IHC images were generated using human spleen samples, and as such this may be a good choice of a positive control tissue. We do sell a human spleen slide product, which is suitable for IHC-P. Unfortunately I do not have an in-depth knowledge of Calprotectin, however the image shown for our antibody with catalogue number NBP1-02826 demonstrates clear staining of neutrophils. The following paper also suggests that the protein is abundant in neutrophils: PMID 11435495.

Showing  1 - 2 of 2 FAQs Showing All