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Recombinant Human TLR3 Protein, CF

Catalog # 1487-TR | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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1487-TR-050

Key Product Details

Source

NS0

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Bioactivity

Product Specifications

Source

Mouse myeloma cell line, NS0-derived human TLR3 protein
Lys27-Ser711, with a C-terminal 10-His tag

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions and visualized by silver stain.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Lys27

Predicted Molecular Mass

79.2 kDa

SDS-PAGE

110-120 kDa, reducing conditions

Activity

Measured by its ability to inhibit poly I:C induced IL-8 secretion by HEK293 human embryonic kidney cells transfected with TLR3.
The ED50 for this effect is 2-12 µg/mL in the presence of 0.2 µg/mL of poly I:C.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

1487-TR
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 400 μg/mL in sterile PBS.

Reconstitution Buffer Available:
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Shipping The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: TLR3

Human TLR3 is a 116 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that belongs to the mammalian Toll-Like Receptor family of pathogen pattern recognition molecules (1, 2). There are at least eleven mouse and ten human members that activate the innate immune system following exposure to a variety of microbial species (3). The human TLR3 cDNA encodes a 904 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 23 aa signal sequence, a 681 aa extracellular domain (ECD), a 21 aa transmembrane segment, and a 179 aa cytoplasmic region (4). The horseshoe shaped ECD (5, 6) contains 23 leucine rich repeats, and the cytoplasmic domain contains one Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain. The ECD of human TLR3 shares 80%, 79%, and 77% aa sequence identity with the ECD of rat, mouse, and bovine TLR3, respectively. TLR3 is found in phagosomes (7), where the acidic pH enables binding of internalized double stranded RNA and mRNA from viruses, parasites, and necrotic virally-infected cells (8-11). Ligand binding by TLR3 induces receptor dimerization (5, 6, 8) leading to the release of inflammatory cytokines and dendritic cell maturation (9, 11-13). TLR3 is expressed in dendritic cells, macrophages, microglia, and astrocytes (13-15) and is upregulated by IFN-beta and LPS (9, 14). TLR3 expression is also induced by lung fibroblasts and epithelial cells by respiratory syncytial virus infection (12).

References

  1. Sen, G.C. and S.N. Sarkar (2005) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 16:1.
  2. Schroder, M. and A.G. Bowie (2005) Trends Immunol. 26:462.
  3. Hopkins, P.A. and S. Sriskandan (2005) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 140:395.
  4. Rock, F.L. et al. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 95:588.
  5. Choe, J. et al. (2005) Science 309:581.
  6. Bell, J.K. et al. (2005) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 102:10976.
  7. Nishiya, T. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 280:37107.
  8. de Bouteiller, O. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:38133.
  9. Alexopoulou, L. et al. (2001) Nature 413:732.
  10. Aksoy, E. et al. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280:277.
  11. Kariko, K. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279:12542.
  12. Rudd, B.D. et al. (2005) J. Virol. 79:3350.
  13. Farina, C. et al. (2005) J. Neuroimmunol. 159:12.
  14. Heinz, S. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278:21502.
  15. Wang, T. et al. (2004) Nat. Med. 10:1366.

Long Name

Toll-like Receptor 3

Alternate Names

CD283

Entrez Gene IDs

7098 (Human); 142980 (Mouse); 364594 (Rat)

Gene Symbol

TLR3

UniProt

Additional TLR3 Products

Product Documents for Recombinant Human TLR3 Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

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Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human TLR3 Protein, CF

For research use only

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