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Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein, CF

Catalog # 10242-AC | R&D Systems, Inc. a Bio-Techne Brand
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10242-AC-020

Key Product Details

Source

E. coli

Accession #

Conjugate

Unconjugated

Applications

Enzyme Activity

Product Specifications

Source

E. coli-derived human ACAT1 protein
Val34-Leu427
with an N-terminal Met and 6-His tag

Purity

>95%, by SDS-PAGE visualized with Silver Staining and quantitative densitometry by Coomassie® Blue Staining.

Endotoxin Level

<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the protein by the LAL method.

N-terminal Sequence Analysis

Met

Predicted Molecular Mass

42 kDa

SDS-PAGE

41 kDa, under reducing conditions

Activity

Measured by its ability to convert acetoacetyl-CoA and CoA into acetyl-CoA.
The specific activity is >15000 pmol/min/μg, as measured under the described conditions.

Scientific Data Images for Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein, CF

Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein Enzyme Activity

Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein Enzyme Activity

Recombinant Human ACAT1 His-tag (Catalog# 10242-AC) is measured by its ability to convert acetoacetyl-CoA and CoA into acetylCoA.
Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein SDS-PAGE

Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein SDS-PAGE

2 μg/lane of Recombinant Human ACAT1 (Catalog # 10242-AC) was resolved with SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) and non-reducing (NR) conditions and visualized by Coomassie® Blue staining, showing a band at 41 kDa under reducing conditions.

Formulation, Preparation and Storage

10242-AC
Formulation Supplied as a 0.2 μm filtered solution in Tris, NaCl, Glycerol and TCEP.
Shipping The product is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 6 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 3 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after opening.

Background: ACAT1

Acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase-1 (ACAT1), also known as T2 or 3-ketothiolase, is a ubiquitous metabolic enzyme that catalyzes the potassium-regulated reversible thiolytic cleavage of fatty acids to form acetyl-CoA and a fatty acid acyl-CoA or condensation of two acetyl-CoA molecules into acetoacetyl-CoA (1). Human ACAT1 is a member of the thiolase superfamily and forms a homotetramer composed of a dimer of dimers due to an extended protruding loop (2). Each subunit contains an N-terminal domain including the dimer interface and a reactive cysteine while the C-terminal domain contains a catalytic pair that interacts with the N-terminal cysteine to create a catalytic triad (2).  ACAT1 is known to be catalytically involved in isoleucine degradation, ketolysis, ketogenesis and fatty acid oxidation (3). Several mutations in the ACAT1 gene have been identified that lead to ACAT1 deficiency as an autosomal recessive inherited disorder known as 3-ketothiolase deficiency (3KTD) (4, 5).  3KTD is characterized by isoleucine degradation and defects in ketone body metabolism (6). More recently, ACAT1 has been shown to be involved in metabolic dysregulation in cancer through a role in drug resistance, cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth (3, 7-9).  ACAT1 has been found to be upregulated as a potential prognostic marker in prostate cancer (3, 10) while overexpression of ACAT1 in breast cancer cells showed ACAT1's role in promoting tumor growth and metastasis through ketone body re-utilization (3, 11). ACAT1 inhibitors have been shown to inhibit proliferation of cancer stem cells (7, 12) possibly through inhibition of the ACAT1 acetyltransferase activity targeting pyruvate dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase (7) thus making ACAT1 a potential therapeutic target in cancer (3, 7, 11, 12).

References

  1. Haapalainen, A.M. et al. (2007) Biochemistry. 46:4305.
  2. Haapalainen, A.M. et al. (2006) Trends Biochem. Sci. 31:64.
  3. Goudarzi, A. (2019) Life Sci. 232:116592 [Epub ahead of print].
  4. Fukao, T. et al. (1995) Hum. Mutat. 5:113.
  5. Sakurai, S. et al. (2007) Mol. Genet. Metab. 90:370.
  6. Hori, T. et al. (2015) Pediatr. Int. 57:41.
  7. Fan, J. et al. (2016) Mol. Cell 64:859.
  8. Garcia-Bermudez, J. and K. Birsoy (2016) Mol. Cell 64:856.
  9. Lo, Y.W. et al. (2015) J. Cell. Mol. Med. 19:744.
  10. Saraon, P. et al. (2014) Prostate 74:372.
  11. Martinez-Outschoorn, U.E. et al. (2012) Cell Cycle 11:3964.
  12. Ozsvari, B. et al. (2017) Oncotarget 8:78340.

Long Name

Acetyl-CoA Acetyltransferase 1

Alternate Names

THIL

Entrez Gene IDs

38 (Human); 110446 (Mouse)

Gene Symbol

ACAT1

UniProt

Product Documents for Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein, CF

Certificate of Analysis

To download a Certificate of Analysis, please enter a lot number in the search box below.

Note: Certificate of Analysis not available for kit components.

Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human ACAT1 Protein His-tag Protein, CF

For research use only

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