Key Product Details
Structure / Form
|Human Leptin R
Accession # P48357.2
N-terminal Sequence Analysis
Predicted Molecular Mass
The ED50 for this effect is 0.02-0.12 µg/mL in the presence of 3 ng/mL Recombinant Human Leptin/OB (Catalog # 398-LP).
Formulation, Preparation and Storage
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in MES, NaCl and CHAPS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 200 μg/mL in sterile PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background: Leptin R
The Leptin receptor (Leptin R, gene name LEPR), also called OB R (obesity receptor), is a 150 kDa protein that is a member of the Class I cytokine receptor family. It mediates the activities of Leptin, a multi-functional hormone produced primarily by adipose tissues that plays roles in food intake, energy metabolism, angiogenesis, reproduction, hematopoiesis, bone metabolism, and immune function (1-3). The human Leptin R gene encodes 1165 amino acids (aa) including a signal peptide, an extracellular region with cytokine receptor homology (CRH), multiple fibronectin type III domains and a WSXWS motif, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain that supports JAK/STAT signaling (2, 3). Human Leptin R shares 76% aa sequence identity with mouse and rat Leptin R, and 83-86% with bovine, canine, equine and porcine Leptin R. Leptin R isoforms include a long form, OB RL or OB Rb (primary signaling form), and at least four shorter isoforms with truncated cytoplasmic domains, named OB Ra (ubiquitous), Rc, Rd, and Rf (2, 4). A soluble isoform, OB Re, is found in rodents but not humans (5). However, both humans and rodents produce soluble Leptin R due to release of soluble ectodomains by metalloproteinases such as ADAM10 (5, 6). OB Rb is highly expressed in the hypothalamus and mediates the anti-orexigenic effects of Leptin (1, 2). Mutations of ObRb have caused extreme obesity in humans, mice (db/db “diabetes”), and rats (Zucker fa/fa “fatty”) (1, 7-9). Shorter isoforms of Leptin R exhibit limited signaling capability, but mediate endocytosis and degradation of Leptin and passage through the blood-brain barrier (4, 5, 10, 11). Soluble Leptin R is the primary Leptin-binding protein in blood, where it maintains a pool of available bioactive Leptin, delays Leptin clearance from circulation, and down-regulates blood-brain transmission of Leptin (5-7, 10). In humans, soluble Leptin R levels are inversely proportional to adiposity and are elevated in females versus males (12). Soluble Leptin R is also found up-regulated in patients with chronic heart failure, end-stage renal disease, and anorexia (13-15). It is expressed by tumor-initiating stem cells, and is proposed as a link between between cancer and obesity (16).
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Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Human Leptin R Fc Chimera Protein, CF
For research use only