Key Product Details
N-terminal Sequence Analysis
Predicted Molecular Mass
The ED50 for this effect is 3-12 pg/mL.
Formulation, Preparation and Storage
|Formulation||Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.|
|Reconstitution||Reconstitute at 100 μg/mL in sterile PBS.|
|Shipping||The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.|
|Stability & Storage||Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2
IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 25% amino acid (aa) identity in rhesus. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL-1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL-1 R3/IL-1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI (1 - 4). The rhesus IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 269 aa precursor. A 116 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta-converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine (5, 6). The 17 kDa mature rhesus IL-1 beta shares 96% aa sequence identity with human and 67% - 78% with canine, cotton rat, equine, feline, mouse, porcine, and rat IL-1 beta.
- Allan, S.M. et al. (2005) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 5:629.
- Boraschi, D. and A. Tagliabue (2006) Vitam. Horm. 74:229.
- Kornman, K.S. (2006) Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 83:475S.
- Isoda, K. and F. Ohsuzu (2006) J. Atheroscler. Thromb. 13:21.
- Villinger, F. et al. (1995) J. Immunol. 155:3946.
- Martinon, F. and J. Tschopp (2007) Cell Death Differ. 14:10.
Entrez Gene IDs
Product Specific Notices for Recombinant Rhesus Macaque IL-1 beta/IL-1F2 Protein, CF
For research use only